During my data collection, I met so many strangers that I learn a lot from, strangers that I never expect to meet and know that some of them actually knows about Dinar Dirham more than I do, from taxi drivers to some customers sitting just across my table when I had my breakfast.


At first I thought I was asking them about Dinar Dirham, but I end up being asked about my research instead. Some of their questions somehow made me question myself of why I am doing this research, something that most researcher kept asking themselves whenever they are having a hard time trying to finish their research. I am not afraid to admit that I went through that as well, and was glad that I was not alone in that when I ask other friends doing research as well.


Even my parents, it took me sometime to tell them that I was having a hard time in doing this research. Lets just say that its not as easy as I thought it would be, it was also due to series of things I had to go through that pretty much builds up your emotion to the point of breaking down. For, at the beginning of yourresearch, you already have this idea of what you think it will be like, its like you already have a constructed view point of how it should be. But then when you actually go down and do your research, do your readings, verify your facts here and there from various experts, you realize how little you know about the topic, and how wrong you were that you have to deconstruct what you thought it is about, and reconstruct it again based on your findings.


Being asked about my research again and again by so many people the whole time I was doing this research, whether or not they are strangers or people I know, helps me to understand better about my research and also question myself of why I am doing this research. Hopefully it will also help me prepare for my Viva when the time comes for me to defend my research one day.


So when one of my respondent ask me why I am doing this research and how does this contribute to Dinar Dirham movement?  I took a deep breath and tell that person, even though there aren’t many people who knows about Dinar Dirham , what more make a research about it ? I believe that it can contribute if not in a big scale like other researcher better than me, but at least a small contribution – academically.


What touched me was that person’s answer after I gave a small university pen – thanking them for participating in my research. That person say, “I am going to give this pen, and pass this down to my daughter so that one day, she can do the research as well in this topic.” That made my day and the rest of 365 days and counting days since I started my research.


Indeed, God works in mysterious way that you never expect how He will teach you and whom will you learn from, that even a mere stranger can be the answer to your prayers all this while. So whether or not they are just strangers  or people I know , I sincerely thank all of you for believing in me and what I am doing. For if it wasn’t because of these people, especially my parents for their endless support. I would not have the strength to carry on this research up till now.  


They say, research is one lonely journey, but I believe that you are not alone as long as you keep reminding yourself why you are doing this by remembering your family especially your parents and the people around you who believes in your dreams as well.  


So to my friends who is doing research as well, or in whatever things you do, don’t give up for the only obstacle is ourselves. I know that some of you may feel like giving up as well, but like an advice from a friend who did their research as well, they congratulated you instead, that you have come to that stage of research where most researcher go through. And its okay, to feel that way, but its what you do with that feeling is what matters for sometimes, you didn’t really want to give up, you just need a little break, and see things from a different perspective, sort out your priorities, and find out the ‘real’ reason why you are feeling that way – sometimes its actually smaller than you think  – or perhaps needed to be sorted out one step at a time.


It may not be easy to take the road less traveled by, but at the end of the tunnel, it will be worth it. The road may seem so far, you may even feel like you are taking small steps, but tell yourself that you are one step closer to your dreams. Sooner or later, you wouldn’t even realize how far you have walked until you look back at all the things you went through that lead you to where you are right now.


Although I am still far from graduating, but I know for one thing I am closer than I was before this and I wish the same goes for you as well.



“Life has many ways of testing a person’s will, either by having nothing happen at all or by having everything happen all at once.” – Paulo Coelho




Bukit Kepong : Siapa wira Sebenar? — Tan Sri Khoo Kay Kim

“Sekarang di sekolah mereka hanya bincang ttg berapa A nak dapat peperiksaan. Oleh sebab itu timbullah masalah macam ini. Mereka tak faham sejarah Malaysia, mereka membaca buku yang ditulis orang yang juga tak faham sejarah Malaysia. Kalau kita faham, dari awal lagi kita sudah tahu, pihak British tidak pernah menjajah kerajaan Melayu.

Mereka mengadakan perjanjian dengan Raja-Raja untuk menolong menjalankan pentadbiran. Tetapi kedaulatan, dalam bahasa Ingerris – ‘Sovereignty’ sentiasa ada pada Raja. jadi Raja-Raja itu dipanggil Raja Berdaulat, – ‘Sovereign Rulers’.

Dan sebab itulah, bila sampai ke 1957, kita dapati Tanah Melayu ini ada 9 orang Raja. Itu memeranjatkan orang di luar Malaysia, mereka kata, in the whole world, tak ada negara yg ada dua orang Raja., Malaysia ada 9! Macam mana? Sejak bila? Orang Malaysia pun tak boleh jawab.

Ada 9 kerana, sebelum 1957, terutama sebelum 1948 , bila Persekutuan di asaskan, apa yang disebut sebagai ‘Malaya’. Malaya bukan satu istilah yang sudah ‘sah’ , ia disebutkan supaya kita tak perlu sebut ‘Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu,…’ , tapi belum menjadi Negara Bangsa. Kita hanya jadi Negara Bangsa pada 31 Ogos 1957 dan yang paling penting, apa yang berlaku pada 31 Ogos 1957, bukan British yang pindahkan kedaulatan kepada rakyat, Raja! Setakat itu, Raja yang memegang kedaulatan ,jadi Raja pindahkan kedaultaan kepada rakyat dan Tanah Melayu menjadi Negara Bangsa yang mengamalkan Demokrasi Berparlimen. …dan Raja menjadi Raja Berpelembagaan.”

– Tan Sri Khoo Kay Kim

Bukit Kepong : Siapa wira Sebenar? — Prof Ramlah Adam (part 1)

“Sebenarnya kita tak boleh masuk-masukkan org dlm kotak-kotak sejarah , sebab sejarah ini menggunakan prodisisasi, tempoh,masa. Kalau masa ini kita tak ada di situ maka kita tak ada lah di situ. Maknanya itu memang fakta sejarah yg memang kita tak boleh ubah, tetapi interpretasi kdg2 orang boleh ubah, tetapi interpretasi itu dlm pengkajian sejarah mesti berdasarkan kepada sumber,dokumen, dan dokumen itu bukan kita boleh pakai satu sahaja, kita kena pakai banyak dokumen dari semua pelbagai bahasa kalau boleh , daripada pelbagai sumber2, dan lepas itu baru kita buat kajian. Itu namanya penulisan sejarah yg bersifat akademik. Tetapi apa yg ditulis di dlm laman web , internet dsb banyak org tambah2 cerita”

– Prof Ramlah Adam

Penang in 1932 – Orang Asli (The Aborigines)

This is certainly a misrepresentation of the ‘Malays’ done purposely by the colonials back then who stereotyped Malays for being a lazy nation. When in fact, the Malays were as hard working as any other race.

In fact they are actually a free person until their rights have been taken away by these colonials who have been robbing away the nature’s reserve and all the hard work by the local Malays.

Why I say the Malays are a free person is because they used to freely go out and went fishing, chop the wood, plant their paddy field, at their own time. They don’t need to punch card or work in factory like a worker nowadays. They were free people, who was free to gather their own food supply whenever they want , when their supply runs low.

Actual ‘Malays’ already have their own currency base on gold ,silver, copper, bronze and even gold dusts!The money used , were even weighed according to the local system existing even before Islam but made in a way that fits the Islamic way by taking away the non-Islamic character in the coins and stamping on the Sultanate’s period on the coin. They have their own organization system lead by the Sultan and made their own law based on Islamic way, bringing scholars from the Islamic empire at that time the Ottoman’s / Uthmaniyyah to teach Islam to the Sultans family and then for the people by setting up a lot of Islamic ’Pondok’ school.

They do trades, lots of it, so big that even the Malacca empire was actually half of the Malacca straits as well as half of the Sumatera. And so many so many untold story / history about the Malays that people did not know or wrongfully fed by the wrong facts.

They have their own fabrics, especially the Songket, woven only for the Kings & rich Noblemen back then, they have their own martial arts called as Silat, even Silat itself was taught in so many different way byvarious teach. One Silat move can be made into 4 different move to 8 , 12, 16 and so on.

Even in Malay food cooking preparation itself consist onions, ginger, and garlic which is the main base, all this was then later found out by ‘modern civilization’ to contain so many health benefits by making it into capsule, but the Malays have already been taking it in their daily cooking. In fact, the Malays don’t waste their food, left over meals and rice will be made into fried rice next morning, and even if there is still some more left overs, the y will feed the chicken with it. Meat was rare, they only have that during the Eid, so basically there weren’t so many problem related to food compared to today with the existence of fast food mushrooming in our country.

Their own architecture were magnificent and sustainable even before the coined term ‘sustainability exists. House were made of wood but with a lot of airways, the house was built in separate space so that you can’t reach the kitchen without passing by different wings to slow down the guest from entering straight to the kitchen without the owner being ready to greet the guest, some was even built without an iron nail, even boats!

Back then boats of the Malays were big too, some even sailed all the way to Capetown already, some migrated to places like Sulu , Brunei and spread Islam as well as building new Sultanate eitehr by the existing King or even in some case, the Prince of Malacca, were abducted to the Aceh/Pasai Sultanate and married of only to be appointed as the Sultan, some Malacca Prince were asked by the people in Perak for instant to be their Sultan. And when the colonial came, they were taxed and chased away as ‘pirates’, so the Malay boats were built even smaller so that it is easy to get away from the colonials

And loads more thing if you want to know.

In fact, this documentary claiming the Malays are also the Orang Asli, aren’t true, the Orang Asli actually are from a different mixture of the locals. As a matter of fact, the Orang Asli is actually an organized society, who had their own leader, and knows the jungle/forrest better than anyone that they were even utilize their ability by including them in the search of reducing the communism from spreading. Why? Because the Communist mostly hides in the jungle and relies on the Orang Asli to provide them food supply so by having the Orang Asli to stand by the government side makes the government plan in controlling the communism one step ahead.

Even until now, some place like in Johor, the Orang Asli was treated in special way, that the Sultan takesa good care of them, and do not allow any protocol for the Orang Asli to come and have an audience with the Sultan to discuss their matter.

The Orang Asli is in fact a natural gifted Biologist because they know the herbs and type of plants in the jungle. There’s a lot of things that they know that people that claims to be ‘civilized’ knows more than the Orang Asli. Throw someone who is ‘civilized’ in the jungle, and an Orang Asli in another jungle, guess who will come out alive?

In one of the presentation I had to give during my undergraduate class , we were talking about development, and I question the topic to the students whether or not the Orang Asli wants to be developed when they are happy enough to live in their own nature. For living like ‘us’ means that we have to pay for the aircond, when they already have their own natural ‘aircond’ , they may live in the wooden house, but the concrete house we live in are actually not good for you had to install the aircond, water pipe, electrical system and all that , have to be taxed.. when instead the Orang Asli gets it for free from the nature itself.

To some having all those technology and gadget would make them some what modern, but what use of all that if you were stuck in the jungle and had to find your own way out, if you don;t know anything about survival skill in the woods?

I am just saying that, the term ‘civilization’ depends on how you see it, to the eyes of people who have clothed themselves with certain set of mind, the naked people seems uncivilized, when instead if you were to live among the Orang Asli, we are the one who is strange enough to be wearing one.

Okay that is rather too simplistic, but take this story of an old man I know who went to visit the poor people in a rural place in Afghanistan. When he went there, the old man was asked by the villagers of why he wears a spectacle, he said, so that he can see clearly

But when the poor people took his glasses and put it on them, they find it weird because they can’t see anything. This showed that a clear eye sight is actually a luxury to the poor people who maintains a healthy diet by living in the rural place, they had to grow their own food, and all that, because he realize that even the oldest people in the rural Afghanistan can still read without any glasses on despite their old age.

On contrary, for us, who is living in the city amongst the busy roads , full of traffic jams and smokes polluting our air, an acid rain falling , it is expensive to some , to even afford a spectacle, and even if they can, it is not surprising that some wears their glasses at such an early age, excluding cases where they are genetically have bad eye sight. But I’m not too sure of that, it is still avoidable, especially young kids who is suffering diabetes .Healthy life style should start from young age, our living life span is getting shorter than those who lived in the years before ‘civilization’