I stand by The ‘Yellow’ Umbrella

Taking no stand is actually taking a stand in the middle,or perhaps sitting on the fence to see both side opinions – fighting among each other or watching their stupidity fighting for seats. The neutral does not want to be either one for they think beyond than opposing or confirming to the status quo. Being beyond politics because they want to be free from such thinking. After all, at the end of the day, its just which side you are looking (voting) from because if the opposition becomes the government – they are no longer an opposition but the government itself.

Its sad to see that we have come to a time whereby freedom of speech means freedom to say only what opposition/government wants to hear you say. No one actually respect different opinion these days. they will only think you are weird and trash you for being who you are.

Well, actually if I were to really ask myself what I stand for, I stand by my Sultan. Probably have been telling this many times, and given by the recent controversy many would not agree. But we should not ignore the fact that there are also good Sultans, which historically have done a great deal to the spread of Islam & civilization in the Nusantara Sultanate.

Tome Pires, a Portugese historian writer wrote in Suma Oriental (the earliest manuscript on Malacca during their Golden Age)  was recorded to compliment the credibility and humility of the Sultans during their reign. The Sultans was described as following:

Sultan Muzaffar Syah:

“…he always  maintained his friendship with the said King (Jawa & Siam),and a large quantity of foodstuffs comes from Jawa”

“…He was a great man of justice,he devoted much care to the improvement of Malacca…”

Sultan Mansur Syah:

“…Mamursa began to reign wisely over his Kingdom,taking counsel of the old men,for virtuos government in matters of justice and the preservation of the country..”

Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah:

“They say this King was more devoted to the affairs of the mosque than to anything else…he also taught the King’s of Pahang,Kampar and Inderagiri and their family about Islam because he knew all about them”

And on all the Sultans of Malacca he said:

“.. it is no doubt that  Malacca  is very important and fortunate, it seems to to me that it is beyond comparision therefore whoever becomes the King of Malacca will have his hand on the Venice throat”

It is through the lineage of these Sultans that they are still exist and heritage can still be preserved – no I am not glorifying the Sultan but when Islam came, the Sultan became a muslim and so does the whole Rakyat, Scholars appointed as Advisor to run matters like the collection of Zakat and setting up of Muslims School called ‘madrassa’ and military support was recorded to have been provided by the Sultanates in Indonesia and the Caliphate.

As the result of the Sultan’s embracement to Islam, Malacca became the center of Islam in the Malay Archipelagos, a lot of madrassas, mosques and other facilities were built.  Gold and Silver dinar coins started to be minted and used as the official currency. Many scholar from the Caliphate  and nearby Sultanate was invited to teach Islam to the Sultan and the people of Malacca while a voyage was sent as far as Java, Borneo and Philippines in order to spread Islam either through conquering, invitation or protection through payment in form of Bunga Emas (Gold Flower) yearly tax  to the Malacca Sultanate.

Islamic law was evident  in the Malacca Sultanate such as Undang-Undang Melaka (Malacca Law),variously known asHukum Kanun Melaka or Risalat Hukum Kanun and Undang-Undang Laut Melaka ( The Maritime Laws of Malacca). The law was well designed on the function of each post in the government and showed similarity to the modern government.   In the law,  the Sultan leads the head of hierarchy , Bendahara which is similar to the position or Prime Minister,Laksamana, in charge of  the Sultan and state security, Temenggung as Chief of public police, Penghulu Bendahari acting as Treasurer and Shahbandar who is responsible of trade and ports.

The law designed by the Malacca Sultanate was later applied by the Sultanate descendants after it was conquered by Portuguese such as the Sultanate in Johor, Pahang, and Terengganu with exception on Perak and Negeri Sembilan that made some modification according to their custom. The Sultanate of Malaysia is by history related to each other since that it is a norm to marry a member of the family from other Sultanate to strengthen the power of a Sultanate.

The  Perak Sultanate  on the contrary was quite different, one of the two sons of  the last Malacca Sultan, was sent upon a request from the people of the Perak itself to govern their state since that they don’t have any Ruler. This proves that the Sultanate played a big role generation after generation even before the existence of Constitutional Monarchy.

Observing from this alone showed how blessed we are for through the Sultan’s role then that shaped the Rakyat now. . For the Sultanate  was none other than a continuation of the Caliphate, who was carefully brought up in certain ethics and sent to study the affairs of the government and sent for voyage to practice diplomacy and several other skills to prepare them to become a Sultan before being entrusted to lead the Kingdom.

Sultan Mansur Shah for example,  used marriage alliances between princesses of Malacca and the rulers of conquered states to strengthen Malacca’s control over those states. This was one of the ways of Islam’s expansion in the Malay archipelago. An example of these marriage alliances is the marriage between the king of Siak to Mansur Shah’s daughter, Princess Mahadewi. Besides that, princesses of those conquered states were also married to sons of Malaccan ministers. For example, Princess Wanang Seri of Pahang and Raden Galoh Candra Kirana were married to sons of ministers like Tun Putih Nur Pualam. According to Tom Pires, Mansur Shah also married concubines who were foreign princesses such as Hang Li Po and daughters of merchants from India and Pasai to strengthen trade relationships. These princesses were also converted to Islam. following the lead of the sultan, others married foreigners as well making foreign marriage customs a not uncommon sight in Malacca. – wikipedia

Thus we should not see only one part of the story but look at a bigger picture and take account of the historical background of it before coming up to such conclusion. After all stories about the Kings back then may only be one side of the story, and even if there are stories written about the cruelty of certain King, we must remember that it is still just a story with no profound proof to support the claims. And some story teller meant to tell the story for moral value, which could be his way in reminding the Sultan that they should use their power well and wisely.

Remembering a comment made by my father, the story of Hang Tuah & Hang Jebat is not about picking side whether or not Tuah or Jebat is better than the other. But the underlying meaning was that in every person, there will always be a ‘Tuah’ and a ‘Jebat’ within us who will continue fighting with each other. Therefore, we have a choice, to choose between being ‘Hang Tuah’ or to be ‘Hang Jebat’. The choice is in your hand.

 

“Tiada Rakyat, Tiadalah Raja. Raja dan Rakyat berpisah tiada” 

– Sultan Ibrahim ,Sultan of Johor.

 

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